Findings on happiness in Chang & Dodder (1984): study US 1980

Author(s)Chang, R.H.; Dodder, R.A.
TitleActivity and Affect among the Aged.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 1984, Vol. 125, 127 - 128
PublicRetired teachers, Oklahoma, USA and Taipei, Taiwan, 198?
 Year of data gathering not reported. Estimated 1980
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =379
 177 Oklahoma, 202 Taipei
Non Response?
AssesmentNot available
 The Affect Ballance Scale ( Bradburn 1969). Activity level was measured by subjects estimation of hours spent on each activity in a typical week.
General remarks
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Nationalityshow  Comparison of non-representative nation-samples