Findings on happiness in Suh (1994): study ZZ East-West pairs 1989

Author(s)Suh, E.M.
TitlePsychocultural Factors of Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePaper presented at Midwestern Psychological Association Convention, 1994, Chicago, USA
PublicCollege students, Korea, China, and USA, 198?
 Age -Korea: mean=21.4, range=19 to 25 -China:mean=21.2, range=19 to 23 -USA: mean=26.5, range=19 to 55 N -Korea: 96 (Female: 65, Male:30) -China:59 (Female: 11, Male:48) -USA:53 (Female: 33, Male:19)
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Students who volunteered to complete questionaire during regular class hours
Respondents N =217
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport of daily mood on 24 questions 'Please indicate how much of each emotion you felt in the past month' A LOVE Aa Affection Ab love Ac caring Ab fondness B JOY Ba joy Bb happiness Bc contentment Bd pride C FEAR Ca fear Cb worry Cc anxiety Cd nervous D ANGER Da anger Db irritation Dc disgust Dd rage E SHAME Ea shame Eb guilt Ec regret Ed embarrassment F SADNESS Fa sadness Fb loneliness Fc unhappiness Fd depression Answer options: 1 not at all 2 very slight 3 somewhat 4 moderate amount 5 much 6 very much 7 extremely much Options presented horizontally Computation: average A+B minus average C+D+E+F
Author's labelABS
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -6 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ambivalence over emotional expressivenessshow  Attitudes to expressiveness
Familiarity of subjective well-being conceptshow  Concern about happiness
Importance of Happinessshow  Moral desirability of happiness
Nationalityshow  Current nation of residence
Positive emotion desirabilityshow  Attitudes to expressiveness
Positive emotion desirabilityshow  Moral desirability of happiness, also classified as above ↑
Social desirability of positive emotional traitsshow  Attitudes to expressiveness
Social desirability of positive emotional traitsshow  Moral desirability of happiness, also classified as above ↑