Findings on happiness in Sullivan et al. (1991): study US 1988

Author(s)Sullivan, G.; Leake, B.; Wells, K.B.
TitleQuality of Life of Seriously Mentally Ill Persons in Mississippi.
SourceHospital and Community Psychiatry, 1991, Vol. 42, 752 -755
PublicFormer inpatients of mental hospital, Mississipi, 1988
 - All diagnosed as schizophrenics - Age: m= 35, range= 18-55 - unmarried:78% - male:67%, female:33% - African American:78% -Living in rural areas and small towns:73% -Living with family members:78% -Complete high school:1/4 -Mean monthly income: 340$, receiving Social Security benefits:85%
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
 Ss have had at least one Mississipi State Hospital admission and discharge between 1985 and 1987, to have DSM-III diagnosis of schizophrenia. Mental retardation were excluded Average time from hospital discharge to this follow-up study was 13 months(range 1- 36 months)
Respondents N =130
Non Response22%
 Individuals who are not elected are significantly different demographically (age,ethnicity, gender, and education level) from participants.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 At home by mental health case managers
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
Author's labelLife in general
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Living areaR01ab27Region in USA
normal vs mentally illH13abCurrent general mental health
normal vs schizophreniaH13abCurrent general mental health
normal vs schizophreniaH13ac03aSchizophrenic (f20), also classified as above ↑