Findings on happiness in Barefoot et al. (1998): study US 1978

Author(s)Barefoot, J.C.; Beckham, J.C.; Brummett, B.H.; Maynard, K.E.
TitleTrust, Health and Longevity.
SourceJournal of Behavioral Medicine, 1998, Vol. 21, 517 - 526
PublicElderly, USA, followed from 1978 to 1992
 Age: M=66.8, range 55-80. Average education: 12.7 years. Employment: men=58%, women=42%
Last assesment1986
 T1: 1978-1980 (baseline), T2: 1984, T3: 1986
Survey nameNot available
 Second Duke Longitudinal Study of Aging
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Ss were participants in the ealier sample from the Second Duke Longitudinal Study (Busse and Maddoz, 1985) and were selected to represent the composition of that sample with respect to age and socioeconomic statues
Respondents N =100
 female:50, male:50
Non ResponseAttrition
 Drop-out: T2: 37%, T3: 28%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksCorrelation between happiness and longevity not reported in this paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: ".....satisfaction with life......" (Full question not reported) 1 low satisfaction 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 high satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Trustshow  Trust in people
Trustshow  Trusting, also classified as above ↑