Findings on happiness in Headey & Krause (1994): study AU 1981

Author(s)Headey, B.; Krause, P.
TitleInequalities of Income, Health and Happiness: The Stratification Paradigm and Alternatives.
SourcePaper presented at the 13th World Congress of Sociology, 1994, Bielefeld, Germany
Public18-65 aged, general public, Victoria, Australia, followed from 1981 to 1989
Last assesment1989
 T1: 1981, T2: 1983, T3: 1986 T4: 1989
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability simple random sample
Respondents N =502
  In 1981 942 respondents were interviewed, by 1989 502 panel members remained and only data from them are used in this paper.
Non ResponseNot available
 The attrition rate was about 25% from Wave 1 to Wave 2 and then about 12% per annum thereafter. There is no particular reason to think attrition would seriously bias correlations and regressions; it would probably bias point estimates like means.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Face-to-face interviews at T1, T2, T3. Mailed questionnaire at T4
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question asked twice 'How do you feel about your life as a whole?' 1 terrible 2 very unhappy 3 unhappy 4 mostly dissatisfied 5 mixed feelings 6 mostly satisfied 7 pleased 8 very pleased 9 delighted
Error estimatesCorrelations of responses to this item at beginning and end of the interview: r=+.80
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Adverse EventsL06ab01eSum of negative life-events
Favourable EventsL06ab01fSum of positive life-events
Life satisfaction over timeH04ab01aRecent happiness (< 1 year ago)
NeuroticismH13ac05cNeurotic (f48)