Findings on happiness in Headey & Headey (2003): study DE 1990

Author(s)Headey, B.; Headey, D.
TitleGerman Reunification: Welfare Gains and Losses East and West.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol. 64, 107 - 138
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-1997
Last assesment1997
 T1 1990, T2 1992, T3 1997
Survey nameNot available
 The GSOEP began in 1984 with a sample of 9114 West Germans aged 16 and over in 4528 households. Initial response rate was 60 per cent. The Panel was extended in 1990 by 4453 individuals of 16 and over in 2179 households from the five new Lander (East Germans). The initial response rate was 70 per cent. The attrition rate between waves 1 and 2 was 8.3 percent, lower than in the West. Subsequent attrition has also been lower.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Respondents N =10000
Non Response 40%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Face-to-face interviews and additional questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
Page in publication111
Remarks 1990 1992 1997 East 6.9 6.1 6.3 West 7.3 7.3 6.9
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Age of Household Headshow  Young versus old
Income quintilesshow  Current income level (unspecified)
Life satisfactionshow  ERA (temporal period)
Life satisfactionshow  Recent happiness (< 1 year ago), also classified as above ↑
Male and female headed householdsshow  Sex (male vs female)