Findings on happiness in Konwicka (1976): study ZZ Europe 1967

Author(s)Konwicka, T.
TitleHomology of Predictions and Wishes.
SourceOrnauer, H.;et al.,Eds.: "Images of the World 2000:A Comparative Ten Nation Study", Humanities Press, 1976, USA, 403 - 419
Public15-40 aged, 6 european countries,
 Czechoslovakia, Spain, Norway, Poland, Finland, Yugoslavia
Collect periodJune 1967
Last assesment1968
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability systematic sample
Respondents N =3962
 Czechoslovakia: N=1178: Representative quota sample of the overall population based on sex, age, domicile (up to 2000 inhabitants, 2001-10000 inhabitants, more than 10000 inhabitants), education (elementary, middle, high), profession (workers, farmers, other) Spain: N=1148: The interview areas were selected according to the following criteria: province, size of community (A: under 2000 inhabitants, B: 2000-10000 inhabitants, C: 10000-50000 inhabitants, D: 50000-100000 inhabitants, E: more than 100000 inhabitants), sex, age; the number of interviews to be made in each chosen community was as follows: A: 5, B: 10, C and D: 20, E: a corresponding number. In the chosen communities the interviews were distributed over districts or sections. The interviewer had to keep to certain rules of procedure in order to select the interviewees at random. Norway: N=539: The usual two-stage quota example was drawn as elaborated by the Norwegian Gallup Institute. First the interview-areas were selected and then starting addresses were drawn at random from the population registers. The number of interviewees varied according to the size of the communities selected. Poland: N=991: national qouta sample with criteria: sex, age, education, domicile (region, community). (collected January 1968). Finland: N=497: 15 towns or rural communities were chosen in order to represent the average communities in the 8 regions of Finland. In the second stage the names of persons were selected at random. The intended sample included 612 persons. Yugoslavia: N=600: On the basis of the 1961 census the sampling area was divided into: the centre (100000+ inhabitants), small towns (500-10000), rural setllements (less than 500); For each district the criteria sex, age, source of income and education was used. (collected September1967)
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentNot available
General remarksPart of 10 nations study 'Images of the world in the year 2000'.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: "Here you have ladder of nine rungs representing different conditions of life in which a person may possibly be. The top of the ladder '9' represents the best possible condition one may think of, and the bottom '1'represents the worst possible condition. On which rung do you think you stand with regard to your personal condition?" 9 best possible 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 worst possible This question was followed by questions on the past (five years ago) and the future (five years from now). Name: Cantril ladder rating (adjusted version)
Author's labelSelf-evaluation
Page in publication415
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Homologyshow  Attitudes to religion
Homologyshow  Attitudes to sex in general, also classified as above ↑
Homologyshow  Current hope , also classified as above ↑
Homologyshow  Expected improvement\deterioration of one's nation, also classified as above ↑
Homologyshow  Gender-role attitudes, also classified as above ↑