Findings on happiness in French et al. (1995): study CA Ontario 1990

Author(s)French, S.L.; Gekoski, W.L.; Knox, W.J.
TitleGender Differences in Relating Life Events and Well-Being in Elderly Individuals.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 35, 1 - 25
DOIDOI: 10.1007/BF01079235
PublicElderly people, Ontario, Canada, 1990
 Equal numbers in three living arrangements: living alone in age-segregated housing, living alone in the community, and living with a significant other
 Time of data gathering is not reported
Survey nameUnnamed study
 Second wave of a two-wave study
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Stratified by gender and living arrangement All members of the sample were white and British or European in background
Respondents N =268
 Non response in T1 77% and drop=out at T2 is 16%
Non Response93%
 Drop-out is due to illness, deceased, moving and declining
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Interviews were realized by one of four female interviewers for two 1-2 hour sessions (separated by not more than seven days)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 18 questions: How have things been going in the past few weeks? Please tick one of the two boxes for each of the questions below: A Have you been annoyed with someone? B Have you ever felt lonely or remote from people? C Have you ever felt that things were going your way? D Have you ever felt very worried E Have you ever felt pleased because you've got friends? F Have you ever been afraid of what might happen? G Have you ever felt particularly excited or interested in something? H Have you ever felt depressed or unhappy? I Have you ever been full of energy? J Have you ever felt really tired? K Have you ever felt so restless that you could not sit long in a chair? L Have you ever felt that you were really enjoying yourself? M Have you ever felt really cheerful? N Have you ever felt like crying? O Have you ever felt at the top of the world? P Have you ever felt confident about the future? Q Have you ever felt bored? R Have you ever felt pleased about having accomplished something? Rated: 0: no 1: yes Computation: (C+E+G+I+L+M+O+P+R) - (A+B+D+F+H+J+K+N+Q) Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale: extended version
Author's labelAffect Balance Scale
Page in publication6-8
RemarksAverage of males and females: males M 6.4, SD 1.9, females: M 6.6, SD 1.8 Affect Balance Scale was administrated at T1 The Affect Balance Scale was presented either in paper and pencil or interview format
Error estimatesCronbach's alpha is 0.59
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -9 - 9On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.90

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
frequency life eventshow  Current life-events (past few years)
male/femaleshow  Sex (male vs female)