Findings on happiness in Chappell & Badger (1989): study CA Winnipeg, Manitoba 1985

Author(s)Chappell, N.L.; Badger, M.
TitleSocial Isolation and Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1989, Vol. 44, 169 - 176
Public60+ aged, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 1985
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability simple random sample
 The sample was obtained from the Manitoba Health Services Commission (MHSC), the organization processing all provincial health insurance claims in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The sample includes people aged 60 and older.
Respondents N =743
 The characteristics of the sample are similar to other representative samples studied in Winnipeg.
Non Response25%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 The interviews were lasted for an hour and a half, on average.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report single question: Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days- would you say you are.. 5 happy 4 somewhat happy 3 neither happy nor unhappy 2 somewhat unhappy 1 unhappy
Author's labelThe Global Happiness Indicator
Page in publication171
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.141.31

Scores in12345

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Social Isolationshow  Current contacts
Social Isolationshow  Ever had children (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Social Isolationshow  Living alone or not, also classified as above ↑
Social Isolationshow  Married state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
Social Isolationshow  Number of close friends, also classified as above ↑