Findings on happiness in DeVoe & Pfeffer (2009): study US 2002

Author(s)DeVoe, S E; Pfeffer, J
TitleWhen Is Happiness About How Much You Earn? The Effect of Hourly Payment on the Money-Happiness Connection.
SourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulliten, 2009, Vol. 12, 1602 - 1618
PublicWorking people, USA, 2002
Survey nameUS-GSS 2002
 happiness question was part of the ISSP module Social relations and Support systems 2002
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Working people selected from general population sample
Respondents N =15450
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: If you were to consider your life in general these days, how happy or unhappy would you say you are, on the whole...? 4 very happy 3 fairly happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy
Author's labelhappiness
Page in publication1606
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.62

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
College degree or higherE01ab02Level of school-education
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Hourly statusW04ab05Hourly pay (vs salary)
IncomeI01ab03Household income
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Number of household childrenC03ab02Children in the household
Numbers of hours worked per weekT01ad08Time spent on work and care
Numbers of hours worked per weekW04ab22Work hours, also classified as above ↑
OccupationO01ab02Kind of occupation (profession)