Findings on happiness in DeVoe & Pfeffer (2009): study US 2002

Author(s)DeVoe, S E; Pfeffer, J
TitleWhen Is Happiness About How Much You Earn? The Effect of Hourly Payment on the Money-Happiness Connection.
SourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulliten, 2009, Vol. 12, 1602 - 1618
PublicWorking people, USA, 2002
Survey nameUS-GSS 2002
 happiness question was part of the ISSP module Social relations and Support systems 2002
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Working people selected from general population sample
Respondents N =15450
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: If you were to consider your life in general these days, how happy or unhappy would you say you are, on the whole...? 4 very happy 3 fairly happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy
Author's labelhappiness
Page in publication1606
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.62

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
College degree or highershow  Level of school-education
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Hourly statusshow  Hourly pay (vs salary)
Incomeshow  Household income
Marital statusshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Number of household childrenshow  Children in the household
Numbers of hours worked per weekshow  Time spent on work and care
Numbers of hours worked per weekshow  Work hours, also classified as above ↑
Occupationshow  Kind of occupation (profession)