Findings on happiness in Fernandez Ballesteros et al. (2001): study ES 1996

Author(s)Fernandez Ballesteros, R.; Ruiz, M.A.; Zamarron, M.D.
TitleThe Contribution of Socio-Demographic and Psychological Factors to Life Satisfaction.
SourceAgeing and Society, 2001, Vol. 21, 25 - 43
Public65+ aged, Spain, 1996
 Time of data gathering is not reported.
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability simple random sample
Respondents N =507
 The sample consisted of 210 men and 297 women; ranging from 65 to 95 years and it was representative by age and gender of the elderly Spanish population.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 The respondents were interviewed at home.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How satisfied are you with your life at present? 1 not at all 2 3 4 very much
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication28
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.79

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Education levelE01ab02Level of school-education
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
IncomeI01ab01Personal income
Marital StatusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Marital StatusM02aa03Married vs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital StatusM02aa01Married vs never married, also classified as above ↑
Marital StatusM01ab01bRecent marriage, also classified as above ↑
Marital StatusM02ab01bVs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital StatusM02ab02aVs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital StatusM02ab01cVs separated, also classified as above ↑