Findings on happiness in DeVoe & Pfeffer (2009): study US 1987

Author(s)DeVoe, S E; Pfeffer, J
TitleWhen Is Happiness About How Much You Earn? The Effect of Hourly Payment on the Money-Happiness Connection.
SourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulliten, 2009, Vol. 12, 1602 - 1618
PublicWorking people, USA, 1987 - 1988
Last assesment1988
Survey nameNot available
 National Survey of Families and Households Nationally representive cross-sectional survey of U.S. adults conducted in 1987 - 1988. The national sample of 13,007 includes a main cross-section of 9,637 households plus an oversampling of blacks, Puerto Ricans, Mexican Americans, single-parent families, families with step-children, cohabiting couples and recently married persons. One adult per household was randomly selected as the primary respondent.
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Working people selected from general population sample
Respondents N =13007
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Next are some questions about how you see yourself and your life. Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? 1 very unhappy 2 3 4 5 6 7 very happy
Author's labelsubjective well-being
Page in publication1609
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.342.23

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
College degree or highershow  Level of school-education
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Hourly statusshow  Hourly pay (vs salary)
Incomeshow  Household income
Marital statusshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Number of childrenshow  Number of children
Number of hours worked per weekshow  Time spent on work and care
Number of hours worked per weekshow  Work hours, also classified as above ↑
Occupationshow  Current occupation