Findings on happiness in DeVoe & Pfeffer (2009): study US 1987

Author(s)DeVoe, S E; Pfeffer, J
TitleWhen Is Happiness About How Much You Earn? The Effect of Hourly Payment on the Money-Happiness Connection.
SourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulliten, 2009, Vol. 12, 1602 - 1618
PublicWorking people, USA, 1987 - 1988
Last assesment1988
Survey nameNot available
 National Survey of Families and Households Nationally representive cross-sectional survey of U.S. adults conducted in 1987 - 1988. The national sample of 13,007 includes a main cross-section of 9,637 households plus an oversampling of blacks, Puerto Ricans, Mexican Americans, single-parent families, families with step-children, cohabiting couples and recently married persons. One adult per household was randomly selected as the primary respondent.
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Working people selected from general population sample
Respondents N =13007
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Next are some questions about how you see yourself and your life. Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? 1 very unhappy 2 3 4 5 6 7 very happy
Author's labelsubjective well-being
Page in publication1609
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.342.23

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
College degree or higherE01ab02Level of school-education
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Hourly statusW04ab05Hourly pay (vs salary)
IncomeI01ab03Household income
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Number of childrenC03ab01Number of children
Number of hours worked per weekT01ad08Time spent on work and care
Number of hours worked per weekW04ab22Work hours, also classified as above ↑
OccupationO01abCurrent occupation