Findings on happiness in Oishi et al. (2007a): study US 2002

Author(s)Oishi, S.; Diener, E.; Lucas, R.E.
TitleThe Optimum Level of Well-Being. Can People Be Too Happy?
SourcePerspectives on Psychological Science, 2007, Vol. 2, 346 - 360
PublicStudents, University of Illinois, USA, 200?
 Yearof data gathering not reported.
Survey nameNot available
 Number of measures related to achivement and conscientiousness and in the social relationships domain. Self-report of affect on a daily basis over a period of approximately 7 weeks; year not reported.
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Respondents N =193
Non ResponseNot reported.
AssesmentExperience sampling
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport of momentary mood on 8 questions: Using the scale below, indicate how much you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much you feel that emotion RIGHT NOW. A worry B affection C anger D joy E sadness F guilt G contentment H pride 1 not at all 2 3 4 5 6 7 extremely intense Computation: (B+D+G+H) - (A+C+E+F) / 8 Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance' DRM format
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication350
RemarksTransformed to 1-5-scale: 1. Unhappy (Feeling negative emotions most of the time, N=8) 2. Slightly happy (Positive emotions exceed negative emotion by 0-1 point, N=43) 3. Moderately happy (Positive emotions exceed negative emotions by 1.01-2.00 points, N=75) 4. Happy (Positive emotions exceed negative emotions by 2.01-3.00 points. N=42) 5. Very happy (Positive emotions exceed negative emotions with more than 3 points. N=25)
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Close friendsshow  Number of close friends
Conscientiousnessshow  Conscientious
Energyshow  Active
Energyshow  Vigorous, also classified as above ↑
Energyshow  Zestful, also classified as above ↑
Event Balanceshow  Summed life-events: equal weight
Grade point averageshow  School-success
Gregariousshow  Sociable
Missed classshow  Absenteeism
Self-confidenceshow  Relative superiority
Self-confidenceshow  Self-confidant, also classified as above ↑
Time datingshow  Socializing