Findings on happiness in Bowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001

Author(s)Bowling, A.P.; Gabriel, Z.
TitleAn Integrational Model of Quality of Life in Older Age. Results from the ESRC/MRC HSRC Quality of Life Survey in Britain.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 69, 1 - 36
Public65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
 Sample included elderly living at home.
Collect periodNovember 2000- Febru
Survey nameOmnibus Survey
 The study used the sampling frame of Omnibus Survey.
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 65+ aged selected from pooled general population samples. The socio-demographic characteristics of the sample were similar to those from mid-year population estimates for Great Britain (estimated from the last census).
Respondents N =999
Non Response23%
 19% refused to participate and 4% were not contactable during the interview period.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Interviews took place in the homes of respondents. They lasted between 60-90 minutes.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Thinking about the good and bad things in your life, which of the answers best describes your life-as-a-whole? 1 as bad as can be 2 very bad 3 bad 4 alright 5 good 6 very good 7 as good as can be
Author's labelQuality of Life
Page in publication7
RemarksThe findings were not specified clearly.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.82

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Depression/Anxiety (GHQ)show  Depressive (f31-33)
Frequency of lonelinessshow  Feeling lonely (vs not)
Health statusshow  Self-perceived health
Health value scoreshow  Attitudes to health-maintenance
Health value scoreshow  Concerns about health, also classified as above ↑
Highest level of educational qualificationshow  Level of school-education
Housing tenureshow  Kind of ownership
Increase in lonelinessshow  Feeling lonely (vs not)
Increase in lonelinessshow  Recent change in mood-pattern, also classified as above ↑
Long-standing illnessshow  Chronic illness
Long-standing illnessshow  Degree of restriction, also classified as above ↑
Neighbourliness of areashow  Attitude to neighborhood
Optimism-pessimism biasshow  Optimistic
Petsshow  Current pets
Physical functioning (ADL score)show  Current functional health
Quality of areashow  Current livability of local environment
Quality of areashow  Local environmental quality, also classified as above ↑
Safety of areashow  Perceived safety in vinicity
Self assesed risks of negative life eventsshow  Life compared with situation of others
Self-efficacyshow  Efficacious, productive
Sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Social activitiesshow  Current total social participation
Social classshow  Current socio-economic status
Social comparison and expectationsshow  Life compared with expectations
Social supportshow  Current social support received
Total Varianceshow  Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Total Varianceshow  Socio-demographic + health, also classified as above ↑
Total Varianceshow  Socio-demographic + personality, also classified as above ↑
Total Varianceshow  Socio-demographic + social support, also classified as above ↑
Total Varianceshow  Socio-demographic factors only, also classified as above ↑