Findings on happiness in Lai & McDonald (1995): study CA Calgary, Alberta 1991

Author(s)Lai, D.W.; McDonald, J.R.
TitleLife Satisfaction of Chinese Elderly Immigrants in Calgary
SourceCanadian Journal on Aging,1995, Vol.14, 536 - 552
PublicChinese elderly immigrants, Canada, 1991
 Chinese elderly immigrants living in senior housing facilities in Calgary, Canada
Collect periodAutumn
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability multi-stage random
 Respondents were selected from three housing complexes consisting of 285 apartments units located in Chinatown. By simple random sampling, 95 housing units of the total apartments were selected. For units in which only one senior was living, that person was interviewed. In units occupied by couple, the respondent was determined by the last digit of the unit number. In households with unit numbers ending in an odd digit, the male was selected; if the unit number ended with an even digit, the female was chosen.
Respondents N =100
Non Response14.7%
 Among the 14 non-response cases, three declined the interview request and the remaining 11 could not be contacted.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: In general, how satisfied are you with your life.....? 5 very satisfied 4 satisfied 3 average 2 somewhat dissatisfied 1 very dissatisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication541
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.64

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
English capacityL01aa03Later language
Financial adequacyI01acSufficiency of current income
Length of residency in CanadaM07aa02Time since migration
Physical healthH14abCurrent general health status
Psychological healthH13ab02Self ratings of mental health
Self-esteemS02ad02Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Self-perceived healthH14ab02Self-perceived health
Sense of personal controlP05bpInner locus of control
Social supportS10abCurrent social support received
Social supportS10ac02Perceived availability of social support, also classified as above ↑