Findings on happiness in Ho et al. (1995): study HK 1992

Author(s)Ho, S.C.; Lau, J.; Woo, J.
TitleLife Satisfaction and Associated Factors in Older Hong Kong Chinese.
SourceThe American Geriatrics Society, 1995, Vol. 43, 252 - 255
Public70+aged, Hong Kong, 1991-1992
Collect periodJuly 1991- June 1992
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Respondents were selected from the registered list of Old Age and Disability Allowances which covers 90% of those aged 70 years and over and stratified by age and sex.
Respondents N =1557
 Female N=843, Male N=714 Respondents were screened for cognitive impairment using the Information/Orientation Section of the Clifton Assessment Procedure for the Elderly (CAPE), using a cut off point of <7. Excluded from the study were 108 men and 287 women with scores <7.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: .. Life satisfaction .. (full text not reported) 10 very satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 very dissatisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication253
Remarks40% of respondents scored 6 or less. Mean is not reported.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Belief in Christianityshow  Current religious denomination
Depressive symptom scoreshow  Depressive (f31-33)
Difficulty with chewingshow  Restrictions to physical functioning
Difficulty with sleepingshow  Quality of sleep
Higher educational attainmentshow  Level of school-education
Inadequate means to meet living expensesshow  Sufficiency of current income
Infrequent contact with relativesshow  Contacts with relatives
Infrequent participation in helping friends and relativesshow  Current helping
Low social class laborersshow  Current socio-economic status
No participation in religious group activitiesshow  Participation in church
Number of neighborsshow  Current contacts
Number of relativesshow  Number of relatives
Participation in daily exerciseshow  Current sporting
Participation in daily exerciseshow  Sporting, also classified as above ↑
Poor functional ability-Barthel Indexshow  Current handicap
Poor functional ability-Barthel Indexshow  Degree of restriction, also classified as above ↑
Poor living arrangementsshow  Quality of current dwelling
Poor self-perceived healthshow  Self-perceived health
Poor visionshow  Current handicap
Poor visionshow  Restrictions in seeing, also classified as above ↑
Two or more falls in the past 12 monthsshow  Specific current life-events
Two or more falls in the past 12 monthsshow  Symptoms of bad health, also classified as above ↑