Findings on happiness in Ho et al. (1995): study HK 1992

Author(s)Ho, S.C.; Lau, J.; Woo, J.
TitleLife Satisfaction and Associated Factors in Older Hong Kong Chinese.
SourceThe American Geriatrics Society, 1995, Vol. 43, 252 - 255
Public70+aged, Hong Kong, 1991-1992
Collect periodJuly 1991- June 1992
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Respondents were selected from the registered list of Old Age and Disability Allowances which covers 90% of those aged 70 years and over and stratified by age and sex.
Respondents N =1557
 Female N=843, Male N=714 Respondents were screened for cognitive impairment using the Information/Orientation Section of the Clifton Assessment Procedure for the Elderly (CAPE), using a cut off point of <7. Excluded from the study were 108 men and 287 women with scores <7.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: .. Life satisfaction .. (full text not reported) 10 very satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 very dissatisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication253
Remarks40% of respondents scored 6 or less. Mean is not reported.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Belief in ChristianityR12acCurrent religious denomination
Depressive symptom scoreH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33)
Difficulty with chewingH14ac02eRestrictions to physical functioning
Difficulty with sleepingS04ab02Quality of sleep
Higher educational attainmentE01ab02Level of school-education
Inadequate means to meet living expensesI01acSufficiency of current income
Infrequent contact with relativesF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Infrequent participation in helping friends and relativesH18abCurrent helping
Low social class laborersS09abCurrent socio-economic status
No participation in religious group activitiesR12ad02Participation in church
Number of neighborsS06abCurrent contacts
Number of relativesF03ab01Number of relatives
Participation in daily exerciseS12abCurrent sporting
Participation in daily exerciseA02ac12Sporting, also classified as above ↑
Poor functional ability-Barthel IndexH02abCurrent handicap
Poor functional ability-Barthel IndexH14ac01Degree of restriction, also classified as above ↑
Poor living arrangementsH22ab03Quality of current dwelling
Poor self-perceived healthH14ab02Self-perceived health
Poor visionH02abCurrent handicap
Poor visionH14ac02cRestrictions in seeing, also classified as above ↑
Two or more falls in the past 12 monthsL06ab02Specific current life-events
Two or more falls in the past 12 monthsH14ab03Symptoms of bad health, also classified as above ↑