Findings on happiness in Staats et al. (1995a): study US 1989

Author(s)Staats, S.; Colbert, B.; Partlo, C.
TitleUplifts, Hassles, and Quality of Life in Older Workers.
SourceSirgy, M.J.;Samli, A.C.;Eds.: "New Dimensions in Marketing Quality-of-Life Research", Quorum, 1995, Westport, USA, 117 - 135
Public50+aged full time employees, USA, 1989
 Range 50-91 years, average age 65.1
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
 Subjects recruited by newspaper advertisements, with a senior service center and thpough students at Midwestern commuter college. Subjects were paid $10 for participation in each of the 5 sessions
Respondents N =160
 Participants of the sample ranged from 50 to 91 years of age.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Face to face interview at first session, followed by questionnaires send home at each of the next four sessions with instructions to complete in the evening 1 or 2 days before the next scheduled interview
General remarksThe sample for this study was drawn from the previous study carried out by author. In her previous study, quality of life (QOL) is meassured in 3 time frames: 5 yrs ago, the present, and 5 yrs in the future. The relationship of variables such as present hope, affect, and stress to QOL was explored, and comparisons were made between theoretical models of QOL. Ss were 239 persons (aged 50+ yrs). Control Ss were interviewed and given questionnaires only. Experimental Ss were interviewed, given questionnaires, and given training in (1) increasing happiness and positive activities, (2) goal setting and imagining achievement of goals, or (3) a combination of the first 2 focuses. Daily uplifts were significantly related to present and future QOL. Measures of stress and major life changes were not. Training was effective in increasing expected QOL. (PsycINFO Database Record 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: "Here you have ladder of nine rungs representing different conditions of life in which a person may possibly be. The top of the ladder '9' represents the best possible condition one may think of, and the bottom '1'represents the worst possible condition. On which rung do you think you stand with regard to your personal condition?" 9 best possible 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 worst possible This question was followed by questions on the past (five years ago) and the future (five years from now). Name: Cantril ladder rating (adjusted version)
Author's labelQuality of Life Present
Page in publication121, 123
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 9On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.281.60

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Age difference among elderly
Work conditionsshow  Current hassles
Work conditionsshow  Current work-conditions, also classified as above ↑