Findings on happiness in Shmotkin & Hadari (1996): study IL 1991

Author(s)Shmotkin, D.; Hadari, G.
TitleAn Outlook on Subjective Well-Being in Older Israeli Adults: A Unified Formulation.
SourceThe International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1996, Vol. 42, 271 - 289
Public60+ aged, Israel, 1991
Collect period1990
Last collect period1991
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability simple random sample
Respondents N =830
 The sample corresponds fairly well to the national figures in regard to gender, marital status, type of community and retirement, but underrepresents people born in Asia or Africa and those having only an elementary school education.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 The respondents were interviewed individually or in small groups. They were approached in some dozens of public sites as well as private homes over the country.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things into account, how happy would you say you are these days.....? 1 not too happy 2 moderately happy 3 very happy
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication275
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....? 7 delightful 6 very satisfying 5 satisfying 4 mixed 3 dissatisfying 2 very dissatisfying 1 terrible No opinion Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Delighted-Terrible Scaleshow  O-HL by O-DT
General contentmentshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories
Hapiness Scaleshow  O-DT by C-BW
Past self fullfillmentshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories
Past self fullfillmentshow  Life compared with one's wants, also classified as above ↑
Past self fullfillmentshow  Perceived realization of life-goals, also classified as above ↑
Present happinessshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories
Present happinessshow  Life compared with earlier situation, also classified as above ↑
Present happinessshow  Retrospective level of happiness (period unspecified), also classified as above ↑
Reconciled Agingshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories
Reconciled Agingshow  Attitude to ageing (getting older), also classified as above ↑
Self-Anchoring Scaleshow  O-HL by C-BW
Unstrained affectshow  Current psycho-somatic complaints
Unstrained affectshow  Intensity of affects, also classified as above ↑