Findings on happiness in Wahl et al. (2007): study ZZ Various nation sets 2000

Author(s)Wahl, H.W.; Claus, C.; Mollenkopf, H.; Oswald, F.
TitleEnvironmental Aspects of Quality of life in Old Age.
SourceMollenkopf, H.;Walker, A.;Eds: '''Quality of Life and Old Age", Springer, 2007, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 101 - 122
Public55+aged, urban and rural regions in 5 EU nations 2000-2003
 Finland, The Netherlands, Eastern and Western Germany, Hungary, Italy
Survey nameMOBILATE
 It is a European project financed by European Commission which aims to better understand the complex interplay between personal competencies and coping efforts of older people and physical and social environment.
SampleProbability stratified sample
 55+ aged selected randomly fron municipality registers and post stratified disproportionally to gender and age
Respondents N =3950
Non ResponseExcept for Eastern Germany rural areas 32%, urban areas 48%, rural Italy 18.6%, urban The Netherlands 65.8%
 The main reasons for non-response are simple refusal 22.6%, having no time 6.2%, not being reachable 5.4%, and health reasons 5.1%.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Standardized questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: .. Life satisfaction .. (full text not reported) 10 very satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 very dissatisfied
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Diversity of networkshow  Contacts with relatives
Diversity of networkshow  Current contacts with friends, also classified as above ↑
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Importance of being outshow  Concern about travel
Importance of being outshow  Convern about travel, also classified as above ↑
Importance of being outshow  Specific concerns, also classified as above ↑
Options of outdoor activitiesshow  Attitudes to own activity pattern
Options of outdoor activitiesshow  Place of leisure (indoor vs outdoor), also classified as above ↑
Regionshow  Rural vs urban dwelling
Satisfaction with healthshow  Later health-behavior
Satisfaction with incomeshow  Satisfaction with income
Satisfaction with leisure activitiesshow  Satisfaction with leisure activities