Findings on happiness in Wahl et al. (2007): study ZZ Various nation sets 2000

Author(s)Wahl, H.W.; Claus, C.; Mollenkopf, H.; Oswald, F.
TitleEnvironmental Aspects of Quality of life in Old Age.
SourceMollenkopf, H.;Walker, A.;Eds: '''Quality of Life and Old Age", Springer, 2007, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 101 - 122
Public55+aged, urban and rural regions in 5 EU nations 2000-2003
 Finland, The Netherlands, Eastern and Western Germany, Hungary, Italy
Survey nameMOBILATE
 It is a European project financed by European Commission which aims to better understand the complex interplay between personal competencies and coping efforts of older people and physical and social environment.
SampleProbability stratified sample
 55+ aged selected randomly fron municipality registers and post stratified disproportionally to gender and age
Respondents N =3950
Non ResponseExcept for Eastern Germany rural areas 32%, urban areas 48%, rural Italy 18.6%, urban The Netherlands 65.8%
 The main reasons for non-response are simple refusal 22.6%, having no time 6.2%, not being reachable 5.4%, and health reasons 5.1%.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Standardized questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: .. Life satisfaction .. (full text not reported) 10 very satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 very dissatisfied
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Diversity of networkF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Diversity of networkF06acCurrent contacts with friends, also classified as above ↑
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Importance of being outC09ab02dConcern about travel
Importance of being outT03ad01Convern about travel, also classified as above ↑
Importance of being outC09ab02Specific concerns, also classified as above ↑
Options of outdoor activitiesA02adAttitudes to own activity pattern
Options of outdoor activitiesL03ac03Place of leisure (indoor vs outdoor), also classified as above ↑
RegionL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling
Satisfaction with healthH12aa03Later health-behavior
Satisfaction with incomeI01af05aSatisfaction with income
Satisfaction with leisure activitiesL03ad03bSatisfaction with leisure activities