Findings on happiness in Mancini (1978): study US NorthCarolina 1976

Author(s)Mancini, J.A.
TitleLeisure Satisfaction and Psychological Well-Being in Old Age: Effects of Health and Income.
SourceJournal of American Geriatric Society, 1978, Vol. 26, 550 - 552
PublicElderly living in Public Housing Complexes, Grensboro (North Carolina) USA, 1976
Collect periodSpring 1976
Last assesment1976
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability stratified sample
 First a 25% simple random sample was drawn of apartment units in two high-rise public housing complexes for older adults. This resulted in a potential sample of 104 respondents.
Respondents N =104
  Gender: 75% women; Age: M=approx.70 years ; Education:M=7,8; Income yearly: between $2000 - $3000
Non Response29%
 Residents not at home when interviewers called, refused to be interviewed or were too ill to be interviewed
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (9) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (0) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time? [ 9 ] best possible life for you [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life for you Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version) Preceded by open questions: a: briefly describe your wishes and hopes for the future b: describe what would be the most unhappy life for you
Author's labelPsychologic Well-Being
Page in publication551
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 9On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Leisure satisfactionshow  Satisfaction with leisure
Leisure satisfactionshow  Satisfaction with time for leisure, also classified as above ↑
Self-Rated Healthshow  Self-perceived health
Yearly Incomeshow  Satisfaction with financial security