Findings on happiness in Ryman et al. (1974): study US 1970

Author(s)Ryman, D.H.; Biersner, R.J.; LaRocco, J.M.
TitleReliabilities and Validities of the Mood Questionnaire.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1974, Vol. 35, 479 - 484
PublicNavy recruits, USA, 1971
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 13 companies of Navy recruits on four occasions during basic training.
Respondents N =1140
 Start of training N=1140, middle of first week N=1074, middle of 5th week N=846, middle of seventh (final) week of training N=984.
Non ResponseNot available
 N varied due to admission to sick list, discharge from Navy (6.1%) and voluntary nonattendance (26% in third time period).
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 7 questions: Below is a list of words describing moods and feelings. Indicate how each of these words applies to how you feel now. A Contented B Calm C Happy D Pleased E Satisfied F Cheerful G Good Rating options (same for all items): 1 not at all 2 somewhat or slightly 3 mostly or generally Name: Happiness subscale of Ryman et al (1974) Mood Questionnaire (MQ)
Author's labelMood questionaire
Page in publication480
RemarksQuestionaire is repeated 4 times. Reliability is .80 in test period 1 and .84 in test period 4. Test period 1: M=12.2 (SD=3.0); test period 2: M=11.9 (SD=3.0); test period 3: M=12.8 (SD=3.1); test period 4: M=13.8 (SD=2.9).
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 7 - 21On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Aquanaut performanceM12acMilitary skill
Aquanaut performanceS01ac02School-success, also classified as above ↑