Findings on happiness in Oshio (2011): study JP 2007

Author(s)Oshio, T.
TitleGender Differences among Elderly Japanese: Importance of Family and Social Relations for Life Satisfaction.
SourceRIETI Discussion Paper Series 11-E-051, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry, JAA, (RIETI), Hitotsubashi University, 2011, Japan
Public50-75 aged, Japan, 2007
Survey nameJP-JSTAR
 First wave of panel study of elderly people aged 50 or older.
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =3063
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 The respondents were asked to fill in the leave-behind questionnaire and nterviewed on a later day.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Generally speaking, are you satisfied with your life or not? 4 satisfied 3 somewhat satisfied 2 somewhat dissatisfied 1 dissatisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication10
RemarksOriginal four point scale for life satisfaction was adapted to three point scale by combining the lowest two categories into one. Originally coded 1: satisfied 4: dissatisfied. This order was reversed in the analysis
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.701.94

Scores in1234

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Co-residence with childrenshow  Living with children
Co-residence with parents and parents-in-lawshow  Contacts with relatives
Co-residence with parents and parents-in-lawshow  Living with parents, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of contact with childrenshow  Current contacts
Frequency of contact with parents and parents -in-lawshow  Contacts with relatives
General trust in peopleshow  Trust in local society
Marital status (reference=married)show  Married vs divorced
Marital status (reference=married)show  Married vs never married, also classified as above ↑
Marital status (reference=married)show  Married vs widowed, also classified as above ↑
Number of friendsshow  Number of friends/acquaintances
Number of social activitiesshow  Current total social participation
Provision of nursing care to parents and parents-in-lawshow  Practical