Findings on happiness in Schulz & Hartman-Hanusa (1978): study US Pennsylvania 1976

Author(s)Schulz, R.; Hartman-Hanusa, B.
TitleLongterm Effects of Control and Predictability Enhancing Interventions: Findings and Ethical Issues.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1978, Vol. 36, 1194 - 1201
PublicElderly living in retirement homes, US, 1976
 Participants in an earlier study that had shown a positive effect of control and predictability enhancing interventions (Schultz 1976)
 Data collected 24, 30 and 42 months after intervention.
Survey nameUnnamed study
 The retirement home residents who had initially benefited from being exposed to a specific positive predictable or controllable event were assesed at three different intervals after the study was terminated.
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =40
 They were also included in the follow-up study.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentRating by experts
General remarksThis study about long-term effects of an intervention did involve an acceptable measure of happiness, but change on that measure over time was not reported in this publication
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question Text of question not reported
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication1195
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Zest for lifeL04ac01lPleasant (vs unpleasant)
Zest for lifeP05dmZestful, also classified as above ↑