Findings on happiness in Steverink & Lindenberg (2006): study NL 2001

Author(s)Steverink, N.; Lindenberg, S.
TitleWhich Social Needs are Important for Subjective Well-Being? What Happens to Them with Aging?
SourcePsychology and Aging, 2006, Vol. 21, 281 - 290
Public65+aged, Netherlands, 2001
Collect period8
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability simple random sample
 The addresses were randomly drawn from the registers of six municipalities in the North of Netherlands: 500 addresses were drawn from each register.
Respondents N =3000
 Different versions of the questionnaire were randomly distributed to the addresses in the different municipalities with a random subsample of 2000 elderly receiving the two versions containing the core variables in this study. The other scales were used in one of the two versions (1000 addresses).
Non Response44.07%
 In a number of cases of nonresponse (n=31, 2.8%) the addresses or family members reacted and gave reasons why they did not return the questionnaire: poor physical conditions n=10 , cognitive disorders n=9, admission to a nursing home n=5, too busy n=3, not in the mood n=2, concern about privacy n=2, a number of addressee died n=10, moving n=5.
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksThe study reported in this paper measured happiness using the SWLS and PANAS. The SWLS does not meet the WDH demands for valid measurement of happiness and the PANAS only when and affect balance score is computed and not for positive and negative affect separately.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past few weeks? A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: a 1 very slightly or not at all b 2 a little c 3 moderately d 4 quite a bit e 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past few weeks' version)
Author's labelAffect-Balance
Page in publication284
RemarksAffect Balance computed by WDH team, subtracting average Negative Affect (12.6) from average Positive Affect (23.2)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -40 - 40On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

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Subject description