Findings on happiness in Kunzmann et al. (2000): study DE Berlin 1990

Author(s)Kunzmann, U.; Little, T.D.; Smith, J.
TitleIs Age-Related Stability of Subjective Well-Being a Paradox? Cross-Selection and Longitudinal Evidence from the Berlin Aging Study.
SourcePsychologing and Aging, 2000, Vol. 3, 511 - 526
Public70-103 aged, Germany, 1990-1993
Collect period05/1990-06/1993
Last assesment1996
Last collect period03/1995-05/1996
Survey nameDE-Berlin Aging Study
 This study was based on data from the first and second wave of the Berlin Aging Study.
SampleProbability stratified sample
 The first wave sample was age by sex stratified probability sample of community-dwelling and institutionalized persons.
Respondents N =516
 T1: 516, T2: 256
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past few weeks? A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: a 1 very slightly or not at all b 2 a little c 3 moderately d 4 quite a bit e 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past few weeks' version)
Author's labelEmotional well-being
Page in publication515
RemarksAffect Balance at T1 computed by WDH team, subtracting average Positive Affect (3.20) from Negative Affect (2.34)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -40 - 40On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Continuer / non-continuershow  Panel-dropout