Findings on happiness in Leonardi et al. (1999): study IT 1995

Author(s)Leonardi, F.; Gagliardi, C.; Marcellini, F.; Spazzafumo, L.
TitleThe Top-Down/Bottom-Up Controvercy from a Constructionist Approach: A Method for Measuring Top-Down Effects Applied to Sample of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 187 - 216
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006977717925
Public55+aged, Italy, followed 5 years 1995-200
Last assesment2000
Survey nameUnnamed study
 European Longitudinal Survey was carried out by two phases. The first phase, "Keeping the Elderly Mobile" was conducted in 1995 under the European cooperation programme (COST A5). The second phase, named MOBILATE-Enhancing Outdoor Mobility in Later Life) was conducted in 2000 and was sponsored by the European Commission (Project QLRT-1999-02236).
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Stratified by age and sex
Respondents N =297
 T1 N=600. T2 N=297
Non Response50.5%
 Drop-out of T2: 50.5%, 130 respondents died, 173 refused to respond to the questionnaire
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksT1: 1995, T2: 200
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: At present, how satisfied are you, all in all, with your life in general? 0 very unsatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 very satisfied
Author's labelOverall Life Satisfaction
Page in publication59
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.142.14

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Bottom-up factorR13abCurrent resources
Satisfaction with economic situationI01af05Satisfaction with income\finances
Satisfaction with healthH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with houseH22ae02Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with leisureL03ad03Satisfaction with leisure
Satisfaction with living areaL13acAttitudes to local geographical conditions
Satisfaction with mobilityT03ad02Satisfaction with travel
Satisfaction with servicesL12ac02adSatisfaction with local services