Findings on happiness in Oswald et al. (2007): study ZZ Europe 2002

Author(s)Oswald, F.; Fange, Agneta; Iwarsson, Susanne; Nygren, Carita; Schilling, O.; Sixsmith, Andrew; Sixsmith, Judith; Szeman, Zsuzsa; Tomsone, Signe; Wahl, H.W.
TitleRelationships Between Housing and Healthy Aging in Very Old Age.
SourceThe Gerontologist, Vol. 47, No. 1, 96 - 107
Public75-89 aged, living alone in urban districts, five European nations 2002-2004
Survey nameENABLE-AGE
 It was a three-year European project funded by the European Commission which aims to explore the home environment as a determinant for healthy ageing in old age.
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Only persons living in single-person private househols were included in the sample
Respondents N =1918
 Sweden N=397, Germany N=450, United Kingdom N=376, Hungary N=392, Latvia N=303
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All in all, how satisfied would you say you are presently with your life? 0 very dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 very satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication100
RemarksAverage life satisfaction scores of five European countries were calculated. Sweden: M=8.5, SD=1.7, Germany: M=8.5, SD=1.8, UK: M:=.2, SD=1.8 , Hungary: M:=.6, SD=2.4, Latvia: M=5.5, SD=2.0
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.92

Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past year? A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past year' version)
Author's labelAffect-Balance
Page in publication101
RemarksAffect-Balance computed by WDH team, subtracting average Positive Affect from Negative Affect for each of the five European countries (Sweden, Germany, Uk, Hungary and Latvia). After that, the average ABS score of the countries calculated. Sweden: M=1.1, Germany: M=1.4, UK: M=1.4,, Hungary: M=1.3, Latvia: M=0.6
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -40 - 40On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.82

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Housing Variable Setshow  Current dwelling
Nationsshow  Current nation of residence