Findings on happiness in Brunstein et al. (1998): study DE 1993

Publication
Author(s)Brunstein, J.C.; Grässmann, R.; Schultheiss, O.C.
TitlePersonal Goals and Emotional Well-Being: The Moderating Role of Motive Dispositions.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998, Vol. 75, 494 - 508
Investigation
PublicUniversity students, Erlangen, Germany,199?
 German students enrolled in different faculties at the University of Erlangen. Psychology students were excluded.
 Year of data gathering not reported. Estimated 1993
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
 Students were paid for participation
Respondents N =98
 104 participated in the study and 6 were excluded for reasons.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 And structured mood diary.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: ..how frequent one experienced in the past half day.. A happy B joyful C contented D cheerful E frustrated F sad G depressed H dissatisfied Rated 1: scarcely … 5: very frequently Summation: (A+B+C+D) - (E+F+G+H) Name: adapted from UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)
ClassificationA-AB-mp-mq-n-5-a
Author's labelInitial emotional wellbeing
Page in publication497-498
RemarksAssessed in the first session
Error estimatesCronbach alpha = .80
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean4.62
Standard deviation5.11


Full textSelfreport on 8 questions repeated every second day during 2 weeks: ..how frequent one experienced in the past half day.. A happy B joyful C contented D cheerful E frustrated F sad G depressed H dissatisfied Rated 1: scarcely … 5: very frequently Summation: (A+B+C+D) - (E+F+G+H) Name: adapted from UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)
ClassificationA-AB-mp-mqr-n-5-a
Author's labelDaily emotional wellbeing
Page in publication497-498
RemarksAverage of 12 observations: two times in every second day for 2 weeks (6 days*2 administrations= 12 occasions)
Error estimatesCronbach alpha = .92
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean5.57
Standard deviation3.65


Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Agentic needshow  Current motivation
Communal needshow  Current motivation
Daily emotional well beingshow  A-AB by A-ARE
Daily emotional well beingshow  Recent happiness (< 1 year ago), also classified as above ↑
Predominant motive disposition: agentic over communalshow  Current motivation
Progress in agentic goalsshow  Perceived realization of life-goals
Progress in communal goalsshow  Perceived realization of life-goals