Findings on happiness in Zhang & Liu (2007): study CN 2002

Author(s)Zhang, W.; Liu, G.
TitleChildlessness, Psychlogical Well-being and Life Satisfaction among the Elderly in China
SourceJournal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 2007, 22:185-203
Public65+ aged, China, 2002
Survey nameCN-Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity
 CLHLS aims to determine which factors play an important role in healthy longevity. 2002 wave of the survey compares parents with the childless elderly focusing on three dimensions of psychological well-being, feelings of anxiety, loneliness, and usefulness and on life satisfaction.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Respondents N =13447
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you rate your life at present? 1 bad or very bad 2 fair 3 good 4 very good
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication190
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.80

Scores in1234

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
ChildlessC03aa01Ever had children (vs not)
Co-residenceH20acHousehold members
Co-residenceH20ab01Living alone or not, also classified as above ↑
Co-residenceI02ab06Living in an old age home, also classified as above ↑
Current residenceL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling
Education levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Getting adequate medical servicesH17ai03Satisfaction with health-services
Having pensionI01ad03bPension
Male vs female (reference)G01aaSex (male vs female)
Sex composition of childrenC04ab02Gender of children