Findings on happiness in Moen et al. (1995): study US 1956

Author(s)Moen, P.; Dempster-McClain, D.; Robison, J.
TitleCaregiving and Women's Well-Being: A Life Course Approach.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1995, Vol. 36, 259 - 273
PublicMothers USA, followed 30 years 1956-1986
Last assesment1986
 T1 :1956, T2: 1986
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Ramdom sample of households in midsize community. Representative for Whites. The 1956 sample consists of 427 wives and mothers between the ages of 23 and 50. 326 were still alive. 82 had died. 19 could not be located. 313 were located and inteviewed in 1986 in the ages between 53 and 81.
Respondents N =313
Non Response20
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 And questionnaire. In 1986 also extensive life history data were collected.
General remarksSame study also reported in MILLE 1991
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 3 questions: A How often do you find yourself feeling disappointed about the ways things have turned out for you? 1 often 2 sometimes 3 hardly ever B All in all, how much happiness would you say you find in your life today? 1 almost none 2 some 3 a good deal C On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life today? 1 not very satisfied 2 fairly satisfied 3 very satisfied Summation: A+B+C/3
Author's labelgeneral life satisfaction
Page in publication264
Error estimatesCronbach alpha: at T1 .62, at T2 .69
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
CaregivingH18ab01Care giving
CaregivingS11abCurrent support behavior, also classified as above ↑
Current depressionH13aa03Later mental health
Current role conflictR15aa03Later roles
Early multiple role occupancyR15aa01Earlier roles
Early multiple role occupancyS11aa01Earlier support behavior, also classified as above ↑
Early multiple role occupancyS08aa01Earlier total social participation, also classified as above ↑
Self-esteemS02aa01Earlier self-image
Self-esteemS02aa03Later self-image, also classified as above ↑