Findings on happiness in Gaymu & Springer (2010): study ZZ Europe 2004

Author(s)Gaymu, Joelle; Springer, Sabine
TitleLiving Conditions and Life Satisfaction of Older Europeans Living Alone: A Gender and Cross-country Analysis
SourceAgeing and Society 30, 2010, 1153-1175
DOIdoi: 10.1017/S0144686X10000231
Public60+ aged living alone, 10 European Nations, 2004
Survey nameSHARE
 The study used the data from first wave of SHARE (Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe).
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =3501
 Men= 695, Women= 1957
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question In general, how satisfied are you with your life? 1 very dissatisfied 2 dissatisfied 3 satisfied 4 very satisfied
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
Page in publication1157
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Age (years)A04abCurrent age (in years)
CountryN10abCurrent nation of residence
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Family ContextC05abCurrent relation with one's children
Family ContextC03aa01Ever had children (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Female vs maleG01aaSex (male vs female)
House ownershipH22ab01aHouse owned or rented
IncomeI01ab03Household income
InfrastructureH22ab03Quality of current dwelling
Limitations in daily activitiesH14ac01Degree of restriction
Marital StatusM01aa02aEver divorced/separated
Marital StatusM01aa02bEver widowed, also classified as above ↑
Marital StatusM01aa01cLife-long single, also classified as above ↑
NeighbourhoodL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling
Provides helpS11abCurrent support behavior
Receives helpS10abCurrent social support received