Findings on happiness in Balkin (1968): study US 1964

Author(s)Balkin, J.L.
TitleOnce More, with Feeling: Psychotherapy Revisited.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Colombia, 1968, USA
Public40-50 aged, female therapy clients, followed 4 weeks, USA 196?
Collect period1964 (estimated)
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =100
 N=32 pre-therapy group, N=35 post-therapy group, N=33 non-therapy group.
Non ResponseNot available
 Feelings over a period of four weeks were asessed with the Personal Feeling Scales of Wessman and Ricks.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, repeated every evening before retiring during 3 weeks (experience sampling). "On the average, how happy or unhappy did you feel today....?" 1 Extremely unhappy. Utterly depressed. Completely down. 2 Very unhappy. Depressed. Spirits very low. 3 Pretty unhappy. Somewhat 'blue'. Spirits down. 4 Mildly unhappy. Just a little low. 5 Barely unhappy. Just this side of neutral. 6 Barely happy. Just this side of neutral. 7 Mildly happy. Feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful. 8 Pretty happy. Spirits high. Feeling good. 9 Very happy. Feeling really good. Elated. 10 Extremely happy. Feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic. Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - Depression Scale" (adapted version)
Author's labelElation vs. depression
Page in publication71
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Psycho-therapyshow  Actual changes in happiness
Psycho-therapyshow  Being in treatment for mental disorder (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Psycho-therapyshow  Earlier psychological treatments, also classified as above ↑
Psycho-therapyshow  Perceived need for treatment, also classified as above ↑
Psycho-therapyshow  Readiness to seek professional care, also classified as above ↑
Psycho-therapyshow  Therapy seeking, also classified as above ↑