Findings on happiness in Brunstein et al. (1998): study DE 1993 /1

Author(s)Brunstein, J.C.; Grässmann, R.; Schultheiss, O.C.
TitlePersonal Goals and Emotional Well-Being: The Moderating Role of Motive Dispositions.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998, Vol. 75, 494 - 508
PublicUniversity students, Germany, 199?, followed 4 month
 German students enrolled in different faculties at the University of Erlangen
 Years of datagathering not reported. Estimated 1993 4 testing periods during winter term T1: early in November T2: early in December T3: mid-January T4: mid-February
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
 Students were paid for participation, Psychology students not admitted
Respondents N =127
 135 participated in the study and 8 were excluded for reasons
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionaires in class at T1 and by mail at home at T2, T3 and T4. T1 + T2: Assesment of motivation with Picture Story Excercise. Next Ss listed two agentic goals and two communal goals they intended to pursue thoughout the current semester. Ss also rated their commitment of these goals and their attainability. T3+4: Ss rated how much progress they had made in achieving the goals listed at T1. Mood adjective checlist administrated at T1, T2, T3 and T4
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 12 questions: frequent one experienced moods in the past week.. A happy B joyful C contented D cheerful E pleasant F elated G frustrated H sad I depressed J dissatisfied K gloomy L dejected Rated 1: scarcely … 5: very frequently Summation: (A+B+C+D+ E+ F) - (G+H+I+J+K+L) Name: adapted from UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)
Author's labelEmotional Well Being
Page in publication501, 502
RemarksAssessed at T1, T2, T3 and T4 . Ss were asked to rate their mood in the week before T1+2 (initial mood) : M = 6,10; SD = 6,91 T3+4 (final mood) : M = 6,72; SD = 6,82
Error estimatesCronbach alpha: at T1: .89, at T2: .94
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -25 - 25On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation6.88

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Agentic goal progressshow  Perceived realization of specific life-goals
Agentic needshow  Current motivation
Commitment to agentic goalsshow  Involvement in life-goals
Commitment to communal goalsshow  LIFE GOALS
Communal goals progressshow  Children as planned
Communal needshow  Current motivation
Emotional wellbeingshow  Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)
Perceived attainability of agentic goalsshow  Perceived chances for realization
Perceived attainability of communal goalsshow  Perceived chances for realization
Predominant motive dispositionshow  Current motivation