Findings on happiness in Gorchoff et al. (2008): study US Alameda County, California 1981

Author(s)Gorchoff, S.M.; Helson, R.; John, O.P.
TitleContextualizing Change in Marital Satisfaction during Middle Age.
SourcePsychological Science, 2008, Vol. 19, 1194 - 1200.
Public43-61 aged, married women, Berekley, United States, followed 18years from 1981-1999
Last assesment1999
 T1:1981 T2:1989 T3:1998-1999
Survey nameHBSC 2001/2002
 Mills Longitudinal Study at University of California, Berkeley
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 women (born in 1937-1939) who were first studied when they were seniors at Mills College in Oakland, California. Only married women with children selected for this study
Respondents N =72
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 3 assessments: T1: when most of the women still had children at home (early 40s) T2: when some but not all had empty nests (early 50s) T3: when virtually all had empty nests (early 60s)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: I feel my life is moving well 1 not at all 2 3 very much so
Page in publication1196
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Transition to an empty nestshow  Leaving home of children (empty nest)