Findings on happiness in Goldsmith & Campos (1990): study US Denver, Colorado

Publication
Author(s)Goldsmith, H.H.; Campos, J.J.
TitleThe Structure of Temporal Fear and Pleasure in Infants: A Psychometric Perspective.
SourceChild Development, 1990, Vol. 61, 1944 - 1964
Investigation
Public9 months aged, infants, Denver, United States, 198?
 year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =168
 140 twins (70 paris), 28 singletons and their parents who were married high school graduates
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentBehavioural observation
 Twins were assessed with the other twin present in room. Mother & father completed Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ) independently from one another at home.
General remarksTwo trials took place at intervals of two weeks and were scored at different times.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textTime sampling of happy behaviors Analysis of video recordings of child reactions in 4 situations - Peekgaboo game - with mother - with experimenter - Walking finger game - with mother - with experimenter Each episode rated for the amount of pleasure during that period.
ClassificationA-CA-mi-tsb-v-3-b
Author's labelJoy/pleasure (broad)
Page in publication1956
Error estimates2-week stability: r=+.55, p<.05, one-tailed
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textTime sampling of happy behaviors Analysis of video recordings of child reactions in 4 situations - Peekgaboo game - with mother - with experimenter - Walking finger game - with mother - with experimenter Each measured in seconds: a: latency to smile b: duration of smiling or rated on 3-step scale: c: peak intensity of smile Computation: (a+b+c)/3
ClassificationA-CA-mi-tsb-v-3-ba
Author's labelJoy/smiling (narrow)
Page in publication1956
Error estimates2-week stability correlations - peek (to mother): r=+.42 - peek (to experimenter): r=+.37 - Walking Finger (to mother): r=+.35 - Walking Finger (to experiementer): r=+.20 (all significant at p<.05, one-tailed) correlation among laboratory composites and IBQ scale: paternal: +.19 maternal: +.23
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textTime sampling of happy behaviors Analysis of video recordings of child reactions in 4 situations - Peekgaboo game - with mother - with experimenter - Walking Finger game - with mother - with experimenter Each measured in seconds: a: latency to laugh b: duration of laughing Computation: (a+b)/2
ClassificationA-CA-mi-tsb-v-3-bb
Author's labelJoy/laughter (narrow)
Page in publication1956
Error estimates2-week stability correlations - peek (to mother): r=+.50 - peek (to experimenter): r=+.50 - Walking Finger (to mother): r=+.26 - Walking Finger (to experiementer): r=+.46 (all significant at p<.05, one-tailed) correlation among laboratory composites and IBQ scale: paternal: +.02 maternal: +.11
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textRating by parents of smiling and laughter in 15 different situations, such as During the last week, when being undressed, how often did your child smile or laugh? 1 never 2 very rarely 3 less than half the time 4 about half the time 5 more than half the time 6 almost always 7 always Full list of situations not reported Part of Rothbart Infant Behavior Questionnaire IBQ
ClassificationA-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-a
Author's labelSmiling and laughter
Page in publication1956
Error estimatesreliability: +.73
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
2-week stabilityshow  Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)
Activity levelshow  Active
Distress to Limitationsshow  Irritable
Distress to Limitationsshow  Tense, also classified as above ↑
Duration of Orientingshow  Interested
Fearshow  Anxious
Fearshow  Current affective life, also classified as above ↑
Soothabilityshow  Calm
Soothabilityshow  Current coping, also classified as above ↑