Findings on happiness in Wright & Bonett (1993): study US 1988

Author(s)Wright, T.A.; Bonett, D.G.
TitleMental Health and Work Performance: Results of a Longitudinal Field Study.
SourceJournal of Occupational & Organizational Psychology, 1993, Vol. 66, 277 - 284
PublicHuman services personel; USA; followed for 2 years, 198?
 Data were collected at 3 periods each separated by 1 year. Happiness was assessed at T1 and T2. Performance was assessed at T3. Years of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Included were employees who remained within the department, performed the same job over the 2 year period, and for whom both happiness and work performance data were available. All had a four year college degree. All employees were from the same department and representative of the organization's population. 84,4 % are male.
Respondents N =33
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mental health; work performance rated by top-ranking supervisor
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways? A On top of the world B Very lonely or remote from other people C Particularly excited or interested in something D Pleased about having accomplished something E Bored F Depressed or very unhappy G So restless that you could not sit long in a chair H Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why Reponse options: 0 never 1 sometimes 3 often Scoring: PA = A+C+D (range 0-9) NA = B+E+F+G+H (range 0-15) ABS = PA-NA (range 1-7) Name: Index of Psychological Wellbeing
Author's labelMental health
Page in publication279
RemarksT1: M=3,42 SD = 1,41 T2: M=3,64 SD = 1,52 T1 - T2 correlation : r = +.76 p < .0001
Error estimatesCronbach alpha T1 T2 positive feeling data .76 .71 negative feeling data .69 .68
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.37

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Composite work performanceW06aa03Later work-performance
Goal emphasisW06aa03Later work-performance
Mental healthH04ab01aRecent happiness (< 1 year ago)
Team buildingW06aa03Later work-performance
Work facilitationW06aa03Later work-performance