Findings on happiness in Diener (1995a): study ZZ 1946

Publication
Author(s)Diener, E.
TitleSubjective Well-Being in Cross-Cultural Perspective.
SourceGrad, H.;et al;Eds.: "Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of Cross-Cultural Psychology", Swets & Zeitlinger, 1995, Netherlands
Investigation
PublicAdults, general public, 43 nations, 1946-1992
 Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Cuba, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany East, Germany West, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria, Netherlands, North Ireland, Norway, Panama, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Switserland, Sweden, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States, Yugoslavia
Last assesment1992
 1946-1992
Survey nameNot available
 World Database of Happiness, version 1994
SampleSelection from general population sample
 Nonprobability sample of probability samples of the general population in nations. All available surveys on happiness were included
Respondents N =43
 43 nations, covoring about 60,000 respondents
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on different single questions Responses transformed to common 0 to 10 scale - scores on verbal response scales transformed using Thurstone's technique of expert weighing - scores on numerical scales shorter than 11 step transformed by linear stretching
ClassificationM-CO---sq-*-11-a
Author's labelLast national subjective well-being
Page in publication8
RemarksThis measure combines responses two questions about 'happiness' and 'life satisfaction'. In the itme bank of this database, these types of questions are not considered as equivalent. Hence the catalog of happiness in nations presents these meansures separately
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean6.406.40
Standard deviation1.231.23


Full textSelf report on single question Various items using the term happiness Responses transformed to common 0 to 10 scale Scores on verbal response scales transformed using Thurstone's technique of expert weighing Scores on numerical scales shorter than 11 step transformed by linear stretching
ClassificationO-HL---sq-nt-11-b
Author's labelPrior happiness survey
Page in publication10
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelf report on single question Various items using the term 'satisfaction with life' Responses transformed to common 0 to 10 scale - scores on verbal response scales transformed using Thurstone's technique of expert weighing - scores on numerical scales shorter than 11 step transformed by linear stretching
ClassificationO-SLW---sq-*-11-a
Author's labelPrior Satisfaction survey
Page in publication10
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Homicide rateshow  Crime on nation
Homogeneityshow  Ethnic diversity in vinicity
Homogeneityshow  Social homogeneity in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
Human rightsshow  Human-rights protection in nation
Incomeshow  Economic affluence in nation
Individualismshow  Individualism/collectivism in nation
The fulfilment of basic needsshow  Quality\quantity of facilities in nation
Yearly hours of sunshow  Climate