Findings on happiness in Martin & Lichter (1983): study US Michigan 1973

Author(s)Martin, J.K.; Lichter, D.T.
TitleGeographic Mobility and Satisfaction with Life and Work.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1983, Vol. 64, 524 - 534
Public16+ aged, employees, Michigan/US, followed 4 years, 1973-1977
Last assesment1977
 T1: 1973, T2: 1977
Survey nameQuality of Employment Survey (QES)
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Respondents N =827
Non Response(43%)
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf-report on two questions: A) Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are: 1: not too happy 2: pretty happy 3: very happy B) In general, how satisfying do you find the ways you're spending your life these days? Would you call it: 1: not very satisfying 2: pretty satisfying 3: very satisfying Computation: A+B
Author's labelSubjective well-being
Page in publication529
RemarksT1: M= 3.50-3.58 ,T2:M=3.27-3.34
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 2 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Ageing
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Migrationshow  Earlier residential mobility
Past incomeshow  Earlier level of income
Past incomeshow  Household income , also classified as above ↑
Past subjective well-beingshow  Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)
Perceived extrinsic job rewardsshow  Earlier work-attitudes
Perceived intrinsic job rewardsshow  Earlier work-attitudes