Findings on happiness in Wright et al. (2002): study US 1997

Author(s)Wright, T.A.; Cropanzano, R.; Denney, P.J.; Moline, G.L.
TitleWhen a Happy Worker is a Productive Worker: A Preliminary Examination of Three Models.
SourceCanadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 2002, Vol. 34, 146 - 150
PublicPublic-sector managers, USA, 2002, followed 2 years
 Data were collected at 2 time periods: T1(initial) and T2 (two years later). Measures of job satisfaction, dispositional affect and psychological well-being were assessed at T1. Measures of composite job performance were assessed at T1 and two years later at T2. Years of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 All respondents had completed high school and were employed within the same department.
Respondents N =59
Non Response17
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Work performance rated by management.
General remarksSimilar studies reported in WRIGH 1999/1, WRIGH 1999/2, WRIGH 2004/1, WRIGH 2004/2
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways? A On top of the world B Very lonely or remote from other people C Particularly excited or interested in something D Pleased about having accomplished something E Bored F Depressed or very unhappy G So restless that you could not sit long in a chair H Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why Reponse options: 0 never 1 sometimes 3 often Scoring: PA = A+C+D (range 0-9) NA = B+E+F+G+H (range 0-15) ABS = PA-NA (range 1-7) Name: Index of Psychological Wellbeing
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Page in publication148
Error estimatesCronbach alpha: .70
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.50

Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you generally feel this way, that is, how you feel on average? A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 very much Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('in general' version)
Author's labelpositive and negative mood
Page in publication148
RemarksPositive Affect subscale: M= 3,1 Negtive Affect subscale: M=1,8
Error estimatesCronbach alpha PAS: .93, NAS .89
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -4 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.60

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Composite job performanceW06aa02Change in work-performance
Composite job performanceW06aa01Earlier work-performance, also classified as above ↑
Composite job satisfactionW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Positive and negative affectivity (PANAS)M15acCurrent typical moods