Findings on happiness in Wright et al. (2004): study US 1998

Author(s)Wright, T.A.; Cropanzano, R.; Meyer, D.G.
TitleState and Trait Correlates of Job Performance: A Tale of Two Perspectives.
SourceJournal of Business and Psychology, 2004, Vol. 18, 365 - 3883
PublicSocial welfare counselors, USA, 199?
 Years of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 All counselors from a municipal agency were asked to participate. All participants had completed at least 2 years of college (over half had a bachelor's degree) and performed the same job duties.
Respondents N =48
 Total N = 72
Non Response33
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Self report questionnaire. Job performance rated by management management.
General remarksSimilar studies reported in WRIGH 1999/1 WRIGH 1999/2, WRIGH 2002, WRIGH 2004/1
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways? A On top of the world B Very lonely or remote from other people C Particularly excited or interested in something D Pleased about having accomplished something E Bored F Depressed or very unhappy G So restless that you could not sit long in a chair H Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why Reponse options: 0 never 1 sometimes 3 often Scoring: PA = A+C+D (range 0-9) NA = B+E+F+G+H (range 0-15) ABS = PA-NA (range 1-7) Name: Index of Psychological Wellbeing
Author's labelPsychological Well-Being
Page in publication371
Error estimatescoefficient alpha: .72
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.30

Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way today....? A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('today' version)
Author's labelAffective mood
Page in publication375
RemarksPositive Affect subscale: M=3,2 SD=0,7 Negative Affect subscale M=1,6 SD=0,6
Error estimatesCronbach alpha positive mood: .87, negative mood: .91
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -40 - 40On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Job performanceW06abCurrent work-performance
Positive and negative moodM15abCurrent mood of the moment