Findings on happiness in Diener et al. (2002a): study ZZ World samples 1994

Author(s)Diener, E.; Lucas, R.E.; Oishi, S.; Suh, E.M.
TitleLooking Up and Looking Down: Weighting Good and Bad Information in Life Satisfaction Judgments.
SourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2002, Vol. 28, 437 - 445
PublicCollege students, 41 nations, 1994
Survey nameNot available
 Diener's international college student survey
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 The International College Student Data (ICSD), collected in collaboration with international colleagues from 41 nations forms the basis for this study.(Suh, 1998)
Respondents N =7166
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: Using the scale below, indicate how often you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much of the time when you are awake you feel that emotion. How much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion? A fear B affection C anger D joy E sadness F guilt G contentment H pride 1 never 2 slight amount (rare) 3 some of the time 4 about half the time 5 much of the time 6 almost always 7 always Computation: (A+C+E+F)-(B+D+G+H) Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication440
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Diener's Life satisfactionshow  Happiness inventories involving unacceptable items