Findings on happiness in Inglehart (1994): study ZZ 1990

Author(s)Inglehart, R.
TitleModernization and Postmodernization: The Changing Relationship between Economic Development, Cultural Change and Political Change.
SourcePaper presented at the Annual Meeting Midwest Political Science Association, 1994, Chicago, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, 43 nations, 1990-1991
Survey nameNot available
 World Values Survey 2
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 The samples are selected in two stages. First, a random selection of sampling locations is made to ensure all types of locations are represented. Next, a random selection of individuals is drawn. Each study contains information from interviews conducted with 300 to 4,000 respondents per country.
Respondents N =56292
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in publication13-14
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelf report on single question: Taking all together, how satisfied are you currently with your life as a whole? Please indicate on this ladder. 1 means 'not satisfied at all' and 10 completely satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication14
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: On the whole, how happy would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 fairly happy 2 not very happy 1 very unhappy
Author's labelNot happy
Page in publication14
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Postmaterialist valuesshow  Post-materialistic values in nation