Findings on happiness in Winkelmann & Winkelmann (1998): study XZ Germany West 1984

Publication
Author(s)Winkelmann, L.; Winkelmann, R.
TitleWhy are the Unemployed so Unhappy? Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEconomica, 1998, Vol. 65, 1 - 15
DOIDOI:10.1111/1468-0335.00111
Investigation
Public20-64 aged males, Germany, followed 6 years, 1984-1990
 West-Germany was a separate nation before 1990 and became a region in reunited Germany after 1990
Last assesment1989
 T1: 1984, T6: 1989
Survey nameNot available
 German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), waves 1984-1990
SampleProbability stratified sample
Respondents N =4183
 N 1984: 4183, 1985: 3658, 1986: 3416, 1987: 3410, 1988: 3197, 1989: 3080
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
ClassificationO-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication2-5
RemarksYear N Mean CI95 % CI95 dissatisfied 1984 4183 7,4 [7,37 7,50] 7,4 [7,39 7,41] 1985 3658 7,2 [7,17 7,30] 8,0 [7,99 8,01] 1986 3416 7,3 [7,22 7,35] 7,0 [6,99 7,01] 1987 3410 7,2 [7,12 7,25] 7,3 [7,29 7,31] 1988 3197 7,1 [7,02 7,15] 8,2 [7,19 7,21] 1989 3080 7,1 [7,06 7,19] 7,8 [7,79 7,81] dissatisfied < 4
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean7.40
Standard deviation

Scores in012345678910
%1.10.71.21.72.711.28.315.926.112.718.5

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Becoming/in out of the labour forceE02aa02afOut of workforce
Being out of the labor forceE02aa02afOut of workforce
Being unemployedE02abCurrent employment status
Change in labour market statusE02aa02Change in employment
Change in labour market statusE02aa02abFalling unemployed, also classified as above ↑
Change in labour market statusE02aa02afOut of workforce, also classified as above ↑
Duration of unemploymentE02ab03aDuration of unemployment
Falling into unemploymentE02aa02abFalling unemployed
Falling into unemploymentE02aa02abFalling unemployed
Labour market statusE02abCurrent employment status
Labour market statusE03ab01bdTrend happiness in employment categories, also classified as above ↑
Labour market statusE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
Voluntary/unvoluntary unemploymentE02aa02abFalling unemployed
Voluntary/unvoluntary unemploymentE02aa02agReasons for change in employment, also classified as above ↑