Findings on happiness in Diener et al. (1995b): study US 1993

Author(s)Diener, E.; Fujita, F.; Wolsic, B.
TitlePhysical Attractiveness and Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 69, 120 - 129
PublicCollege students, USA 199?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
 Selected for low and high happiness
Respondents N =146
 Males: 60, Females: 86
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Photographs and video
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness. 10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!) 9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!) 8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good) 7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful) 6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral) 5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral) 4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low) 3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down) 2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low) 1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down) Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.
Author's labelFordyce's overall happiness scale
RemarksSs who scored in happiness item a 6 or lower were selected as a Lower subjective wellbeing group, and Ss who scored a 8 or higher were selected as a Higher subjective wellbeing group. Lower SWB M=4.6, Higher SWB M=8.8
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Number of datesshow  Involved in dating
Physical attractivenessshow  Ratings of good looks by others
Satisfaction with Life (SWLS)show  Happiness inventories involving unacceptable items