Findings on happiness in Holloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990

Author(s)Holloway, F.; Carson, J.
TitleSubjective Quality of Life, Psychopathology, Satisfacton with Care and Insight: An Exploratory Study.
SourceInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1999, Vol. 45, 259 - 267
PublicMental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993
 'Hard to treat' patients with functional psychosis, half of whom received intensive case management provided by a decicated team with low case loads. The remainder received standard care from the local service
Last assesment1993
 T1 baseline (1990) , T2 after 9 mth, T3 after18 mth
Survey nameNot available
 ELCCT controlled trial study Same study also reported in HOLLO 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Hard to treat patients were selected and next randomly assigned to standard care or intensive case management
Respondents N =70
Non Response0
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version) Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
Author's labelGlobal Subjective Qualiry of Life; GSQOL
Page in publication261
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.38

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Accommodationshow  Satisfaction with housing
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)show  Depressive (f31-33)
Change in depressionshow  Change in mental health
Change in depressionshow  Depressive (f31-33), also classified as above ↑
Change in domain satisfactionsshow  Change in life-appraisals
Change in insightshow  Change in mental health
Change in insightshow  Current positive mental health, also classified as above ↑
Change in psychiatric symptomsshow  Change in mental health
Change in psychiatric symptomsshow  Psychotic (f99), also classified as above ↑
Change in satisfaction with careshow  Change in life-appraisals
Change in satisfaction with careshow  Satisfaction with treatment, also classified as above ↑
Change in social behaviourshow  Change in mental health
CPRS depressionshow  Depressive (f31-33)
Disabilityshow  Degree of restriction
Ethnicity in Britainshow  Ethnic status in Britain
Familyshow  Attitudes to family of origin
Familyshow  Satisfaction with intimacy, also classified as above ↑
Financesshow  Satisfaction with income\finances
Freedomshow  Amount of restrictions perceived
Freedomshow  Feeling free (vs restrained), also classified as above ↑
Global Subjective Quality of Lifeshow  Mixed multiple life-appraisals
Global Subjective Quality of Lifeshow  Scores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑
Healthshow  Multiple aspect evaluations of life
Healthshow  Satisfaction with health, also classified as above ↑
Homeshow  Quality of current dwelling
Legal/safetyshow  Attitudes to victimization
Legal/safetyshow  Perceived safety in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
Leisureshow  Leisure activity level
Leisureshow  Satisfaction with leisure
Life Expierience Checklist (LEC)show  Mixed multiple life-appraisals
Martial statusshow  Married vs never married
Martial statusshow  Vs formerly married (widowed+divorced+separated), also classified as above ↑
Opportunityshow  Mixed multiple life-appraisals
Relationshipshow  Current intimate relationships
Religionshow  Satisfaction with religion
SANS total scoreshow  Change in mental health
SANS total scoreshow  Psychotic, also classified as above ↑
SANS total scoreshow  Scores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑
SAPS total scoreshow  Psychotic
SBS severe and moderate problemsshow  Psychotic (f99)
Self Conceptshow  Current self-characterization
Sexeshow  Sex (male vs female)
Social lifeshow  Satisfaction with intimacy
Social lifeshow  Satisfaction with personal contacts, also classified as above ↑