Findings on happiness in Holloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990

Author(s)Holloway, F.; Carson, J.
TitleSubjective Quality of Life, Psychopathology, Satisfacton with Care and Insight: An Exploratory Study.
SourceInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1999, Vol. 45, 259 - 267
PublicMental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993
 'Hard to treat' patients with functional psychosis, half of whom received intensive case management provided by a decicated team with low case loads. The remainder received standard care from the local service
Last assesment1993
 T1 baseline (1990) , T2 after 9 mth, T3 after18 mth
Survey nameNot available
 ELCCT controlled trial study Same study also reported in HOLLO 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Hard to treat patients were selected and next randomly assigned to standard care or intensive case management
Respondents N =70
Non Response0
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version) Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
Author's labelGlobal Subjective Qualiry of Life; GSQOL
Page in publication261
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.38

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AccommodationH22ae02Satisfaction with housing
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)H13ac04aDepressive (f31-33)
Change in depressionH13aa02Change in mental health
Change in depressionH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33), also classified as above ↑
Change in domain satisfactionsL04aa02Change in life-appraisals
Change in insightH13aa02Change in mental health
Change in insightH13adCurrent positive mental health, also classified as above ↑
Change in psychiatric symptomsH13aa02Change in mental health
Change in psychiatric symptomsH13ac11dPsychotic (f99), also classified as above ↑
Change in satisfaction with careL04aa02Change in life-appraisals
Change in satisfaction with careH13ae03Satisfaction with treatment, also classified as above ↑
Change in social behaviourH13aa02Change in mental health
CPRS depressionH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33)
DisabilityH14ac01Degree of restriction
Ethnicity in BritainE04ab03cEthnic status in Britain
FamilyF01alAttitudes to family of origin
FamilyI07af02Satisfaction with intimacy, also classified as above ↑
FinancesI01af05Satisfaction with income\finances
FreedomF05ab03aAmount of restrictions perceived
FreedomM15ac07Feeling free (vs restrained), also classified as above ↑
Global Subjective Quality of LifeL04afMixed multiple life-appraisals
Global Subjective Quality of LifeH13ab02bScores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑
HealthL04ac02Multiple aspect evaluations of life
HealthH14af04Satisfaction with health, also classified as above ↑
HomeH22ab03Quality of current dwelling
Legal/safetyV06adAttitudes to victimization
Legal/safetyL17ac03Perceived safety in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
LeisureL03ac01Leisure activity level
LeisureL03ad03Satisfaction with leisure
Life Expierience Checklist (LEC)L04afMixed multiple life-appraisals
Martial statusM02aa01Married vs never married
Martial statusM02ab01eVs formerly married (widowed+divorced+separated), also classified as above ↑
OpportunityL04afMixed multiple life-appraisals
RelationshipI07abCurrent intimate relationships
ReligionR12af03Satisfaction with religion
SANS total scoreH13aa02Change in mental health
SANS total scoreP05cjPsychotic, also classified as above ↑
SANS total scoreH13ab02bScores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑
SAPS total scoreP05cjPsychotic
SBS severe and moderate problemsH13ac11dPsychotic (f99)
Self ConceptS02abCurrent self-characterization
SexeG01aaSex (male vs female)
Social lifeI07af02Satisfaction with intimacy
Social lifeS06ac04Satisfaction with personal contacts, also classified as above ↑