Findings on happiness in Evans & Kelley (2002): study AU 1984

Author(s)Evans, M.D.; Kelley, J.
TitleFamily and Community Influences on Life Satisfaction.
SourceReport Melbourne Institute, 2002, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1984-2001
Last assesment2001
Survey nameAU-National Social Scien
 Assumed is that with 'International Social Science Surveys/Australia' in the text of the publication is meant Australian 'National Social Science Survey'
SampleProbability simple random sample
 Sample drawn from electoral roll
Respondents N =26009
 Analysis with geographical data only with recent surveys leaving 8616 cases.
Non Response35-40%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Preliminary letter announcing the survey, followed by the posted questionnaire and if necessary 4 follow-up maillings.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "How satisfied do you feel about your life as a whole...?" 8 delighted 7 very pleased 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed feelings 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible
Author's labelSubjective well-being, life satisfaction
Page in publication20,23,24
RemarksDistribution based on equal interval scoring
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 8On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.301.85

Scores in12345678

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Charity workshow  Charity
Charity workshow  Current support behavior, also classified as above ↑
Charity workshow  Voluntary work, helping people, also classified as above ↑
Church attendance (ln)show  Participation in church
Divorcedshow  Divorced or separated
Earningsshow  Personal income
Educationshow  Years schooling
Family income (ln)show  Current income level (unspecified)
Family sizeshow  Family composition
Family sizeshow  Number of persons in household, also classified as above ↑
Father's statusshow  Socio-economic background (earlier for adults, current for young)
Hours workedshow  Hours work
Labour force participationshow  Current employment status
Maleshow  Sex (male vs female)
Marriedshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Marriedshow  Remarried, also classified as above ↑
Marriedshow  Vs co-habiting, also classified as above ↑
Migrantshow  Ever migrated or not
Number of offspringshow  Number of children
Number of siblingsshow  Number of siblings
Occupational statusshow  'Objective' socio-economic status
Parent divorcedshow  Number of parents (broken home)
Parent's educationshow  Parents education
Quality of marriageshow  Satisfaction with marriage
Religious denominationshow  Religious (vs not)
Spouse in labour forceshow  Employment of spouse
Spouse in labour forceshow  Part-time working of house-wives, also classified as above ↑
Spouse in labour forceshow  Work conditions of spouse, also classified as above ↑
Unemploymentshow  Unemployed involuntary