Findings on happiness in Benesch et al. (2007): study ZZ World samples 1995 /1

Author(s)Benesch, C.; Frey, B.S.; Stutzer, A.
TitleTV Channels, Self Control and Happiness.
SourcePaper International Conference "Policies for Happiness", 2007, Siena, Italy
Public15+ aged, general public, 45 nations, 1995-2003
 Two data set combined: a.21 European countries in 2002/2003 from ESS, aged 15 and over b.24 countries in the years 1995-1997 from WVS, aged 18 and over c.8 countries are common to both countries, but they are treated as different entities as they are gathered in different years
Last assesment2003
Survey nameEU Combined surveys: ESS+WVS
 European Social Survey (ESS) wave 1 and World Values Survey (WVS), wave 3
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 ESS sampling: WVS sampling:
Respondents N =72012
 Each country: between 1000 and 3000 individuals
Non Response3.3%
  People Originally surveyed:74,458 1780 did not anwer the question about the amount of TV consumption 666 did not respond to the question about their life satisfaction.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Phone interview for remote areas
General remarksa. Data from ESS are in 2002/2003 b. Data from WVS are in the years of 1995 and 1997
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publication9
RemarksThe question used in the ESS was rated on range 0-10. Scores were transformed to range 1-10 by combining the ratings 0 and 1
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.442.71

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Average TV viewing time in country (minutes)show  UNCLASSIFIED
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Employmentshow  Current employment status
European Social Surveyshow  UNCLASSIFIED
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Incomeshow  Current income level (unspecified)
Not born/born in coutry of residenceshow  Migration career
Number of TV channels in countryshow  Number of TV channels in nation
Real GNIshow  Current economic condition of the nation
TV viewingshow  Tv watching, radio listening