Findings on happiness in DiTella & MacCulloch (2008): study ZZ Western nations 1975

Author(s)DiTella, R.; MacCulloch, R.J.
TitleGross National Happiness as an Answer to the Easterlin Paradox?
SourceJournal of Development Economics, 2008, Vol. 86, 22 - 42
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2007.06.2008
Public15+ aged, general public, OECD Nations, 1975-1997
Last assesment1997
 Data for the United States in years 1979, 1981, 1992, 1995, and 1997 not available, survey not conducted.
Survey nameEU-Eurobarometer combined waves
 -Euro-Barometer (3-38) Survey Series 1975-1997 (Europe) -General Social Survey (United States)
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =371149
 Respondents from Europe (344,294) and United States (26,855)
Non ResponseNot available
 "Don't know" and "No answer" categories not included in study
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question In general, would you say that you are satisfied with your life? Would you say that you are 4 very satisfied 3 fairly satisfied 2 not very satisfied 1 not at all satisfied
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
Page in publication29
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Crime rateshow  Crime on nation
Divorce rateshow  Divorce rate in nation
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Employment stateshow  Current employment status
Employment stateshow  Current status: retired or not, also classified as above ↑
Employment stateshow  Development of one's education, also classified as above ↑
Employment stateshow  Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Employment stateshow  Out of workforce, also classified as above ↑
Employment stateshow  Self employed, also classified as above ↑
GDP Growthshow  Change GDP in nation: economic growth/decline
GDP per Capitashow  Purchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
Hours workedshow  Work hours
Inflation rateshow  Inflation in nation
Life expectancyshow  Life-expectancy in the nation
Maleshow  Sex (male vs female)
Marital statusshow  Married vs never married
Marital statusshow  Vs co-habiting, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusshow  Vs separated, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusshow  Vs widowed, also classified as above ↑
Opennessshow  Openness of economy in nation
Personal income postionshow  Relative to nation
Size of communityshow  Community size
SOx emissionsshow  Environmental quality
Unemployment benefitsshow  Social security in nation
Unemployment rateshow  Unemployment in nation