Findings on happiness in Biswas-Diener et al. (2005): study GL 2001

Author(s)Biswas-Diener, R.; Diener, E.; Vitterso, J.
TitleMost People are Pretty Happy, but There is Cultural Variation:: The Inughuit, The Amish and the Maasai.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2005, Vol. 6, 205 - 226
PublicAdult Inughuit, Greenland, 200?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
 Volunteers recruited from a wider sample used in study BISWA 2005/1
Respondents N =22
Non Response60
 Originally 55 particpants agreed to participate. Retained were the respondents who had 8 or more reports on experience sampling
AssesmentExperience sampling
 Participants were approached 8 to 12 times at random moments during the day
General remarksParticipants were paid an equivalent of 12 US $ for a full set of 12 EMS responses
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport of momentary mood on 8 questions: Using the scale below, indicate how much you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much you feel that emotion RIGHT NOW. A worry B affection C anger D joy E sadness F guilt G contentment H pride 1 not at all 2 3 4 5 6 7 extremely intense Computation: (B+D+G+H) - (A+C+E+F) / 8 Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance' ESM format
Author's labelExperience Sampling method
Page in publication213-217
RemarksMean and standard deviations stretched from range -6+6 to range -7+7 (for facilitating comparison with other indicators of happiness on range 1-7) 95 % scored above neutral. Mean score transformed to range 0-100 above neutral is 43, which correspondes to 7,35 on our standard 0-10 scale where the neutral point is 5.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -6 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description