Findings on happiness in Lehman (1988): study US 1981

Author(s)Lehman, A.F.
TitleA Quality of Life Interview for the Chronically Mentally Ill.
SourceEvaluation and Program Planning, 1988, Vol. 11, 51 - 62
PublicChronic mental patients, USA,1981
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 a: 278 mentally ill residents of 30 large board and care homes in Los Angelos b: 99 chronically mentally ill inpatients at the Rochester( N.Y.) Psychiatric Center c: 92 Chronically mentally ill residents of various suprvised community residences in Rochester (N.Y.)
Respondents N =469
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version) Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
Author's labelGeneral life satisfaction
Page in publication55
Error estimatesInter item corelation: r=+.76 one week test-retest : r=+.71(N=45) Rochester population
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Afective DisorderH13acCurrent specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
AlcoholismH13acCurrent specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
AlcoholismS13ab01Use of alcohol, also classified as above ↑
AssaultedL17ab02aActual safety in vinicity
AssaultedL06ab02Specific current life-events, also classified as above ↑
Curently EmployedE02abCurrent employment status
Drug AbuseH13acCurrent specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Drug AbuseS13abCurrent use of stimulants, also classified as above ↑
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Frequency of Family ContactsF01adFamily climate (earlier for adults, current for young)
Frequency of Medical CareH12acCurrent medical consumption
Frequency of Medical CareH17abCurrently in treatment or not, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of Medical CareH17aeSetting of medical treatment, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of social relationsS06abCurrent contacts
General Life SatisfactionH04ab01aRecent happiness (< 1 year ago)
Hours WorkE02adSize of current job
Leisure ActivitiesL03ac01Leisure activity level
Lenght of StayI02aa03Length of current stay in institution
Living situationI02afAttitudes to institution
Living situationH22ae02Satisfaction with housing, also classified as above ↑
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Mental retardationH13acCurrent specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Mental retardationI03ad01Mental retardation, also classified as above ↑
Never MarriedM02aa01Married vs never married
Organic Brain DisorderH13acCurrent specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Parental Social ClassF01agSocio-economic background (earlier for adults, current for young)
Personality DisorderH13acCurrent specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
RaceE04ab03tEthnic status in the USA
RobbedL06ab02Specific current life-events
satifaction with familyF03ac02Satisfaction with family-life
satifaction with familyI07af02Satisfaction with intimacy, also classified as above ↑
satisfaction with financesI01af05aSatisfaction with income
Satisfaction with healthH14af04Satisfaction with health
satisfaction with leisureL03ad03Satisfaction with leisure
satisfaction with safetyL17ab02bSatisfaction with safety in vinicity
satisfaction with social relationsS06ac04Satisfaction with personal contacts
satisfaction with workW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
schizophreniaH13ac03aSchizophrenic (f20)
SexG01aaSex (male vs female)
SpendingC10ab02aAbsolute level