Findings on happiness in Lehman (1988): study US 1981

Author(s)Lehman, A.F.
TitleA Quality of Life Interview for the Chronically Mentally Ill.
SourceEvaluation and Program Planning, 1988, Vol. 11, 51 - 62
PublicChronic mental patients, USA,1981
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 a: 278 mentally ill residents of 30 large board and care homes in Los Angelos b: 99 chronically mentally ill inpatients at the Rochester( N.Y.) Psychiatric Center c: 92 Chronically mentally ill residents of various suprvised community residences in Rochester (N.Y.)
Respondents N =469
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version) Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
Author's labelGeneral life satisfaction
Page in publication55
Error estimatesInter item corelation: r=+.76 one week test-retest : r=+.71(N=45) Rochester population
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Afective Disordershow  Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Alcoholismshow  Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Alcoholismshow  Use of alcohol, also classified as above ↑
Assaultedshow  Actual safety in vinicity
Assaultedshow  Specific current life-events, also classified as above ↑
Curently Employedshow  Current employment status
Drug Abuseshow  Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Drug Abuseshow  Current use of stimulants, also classified as above ↑
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Frequency of Family Contactsshow  Family climate (earlier for adults, current for young)
Frequency of Medical Careshow  Current medical consumption
Frequency of Medical Careshow  Currently in treatment or not, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of Medical Careshow  Setting of medical treatment, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of social relationsshow  Current contacts
General Life Satisfactionshow  Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)
Hours Workshow  Size of current job
Leisure Activitiesshow  Leisure activity level
Lenght of Stayshow  Length of current stay in institution
Living situationshow  Attitudes to institution
Living situationshow  Satisfaction with housing, also classified as above ↑
Marriedshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Mental retardationshow  Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Mental retardationshow  Mental retardation, also classified as above ↑
Never Marriedshow  Married vs never married
Organic Brain Disordershow  Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Parental Social Classshow  Socio-economic background (earlier for adults, current for young)
Personality Disordershow  Current specific mental disorders (icd-10 classification)
Raceshow  Ethnic status in the USA
Robbedshow  Specific current life-events
satifaction with familyshow  Satisfaction with family-life
satifaction with familyshow  Satisfaction with intimacy, also classified as above ↑
satisfaction with financesshow  Satisfaction with income
Satisfaction with healthshow  Satisfaction with health
satisfaction with leisureshow  Satisfaction with leisure
satisfaction with safetyshow  Satisfaction with safety in vinicity
satisfaction with social relationsshow  Satisfaction with personal contacts
satisfaction with workshow  Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
schizophreniashow  Schizophrenic (f20)
Sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Spendingshow  Absolute level